Considering that the entry and exit of people from the national territory has been restricted, will there be any crossing points that will remain in operation pending the situation of public calamity?

The Government has ordered the closure of all frontier crossing points, excluding:

Frontier crossing points – Land:

  • the Negomano, in Cabo Delgado Province;
  • Mocímboa da Praia Airport, Cabo Delgado Province;
  • Mandimba, II Congress and Entrelagos, Niassa Province;
  • Melosa, in Zambezia Province;
  • Cassacatisa, Cuchamano, Zóbwè and Calowè, Tete Province
  • Machipanda, Manica Province;
  • Chicualacuala, Gaza Province; and
  • Ressano Garcia, Ponta de Ouro and Namaacha, Maputo Province

Frontier crossing points – Airports:

  • Pemba and Mocímboa da Praia Airports, Cabo Delgado Province;
  • Lichinga Airport, Niassa Province;
  • Nampula and Nacala Airports, Nampula Province;
  • Quelimane Airport, Zambézia Province;
  • Chingodzi Airport, Tete Province;
  • Chimoio Airport, Manica Province;
  • Beira Airport, Sofala Province;
  • Inhambane and Vilanculos Airfields, Inhambane Province; and
  • Maputo Airport, Maputo City.

Frontier crossing points – Maritime ports:

  • Port of Pemba and Mocímboa da Praia, Cabo Delgado Province;
  • Port of Nacala, Nampula Province;
  • Ports of Quelimane and Pebane, Zambézia Pronvice;
  • Port of Beira, Sofala Pronvice;
  • Port of Maputo, City of Maputo.

 

What will be the mode of use of public transportation of persons and goods during the situation of public calamity?

The Government has defined a maximum limit of passengers on board for public or private collective transportation, in road, rail, sea, river and air modalities, according to the number of seats/ capacity established for each type of transportation.

In addition to the maximum capacity limits, the Government has determined that all passengers on board public or private public transportation shall wear a protection mask in order to protect their nose and mouth.

Motor-taxi and bicycle-taxi services may be provided, provided that passengers wear masks and that the maximum capacity limit is respected.

Public passenger transportation shall operate within the regular opening hours, except in the locations where the curfew duty is imposed.

All owners of public or private public transportation undertakings or vehicles must guarantee health and safety conditions.

 

Can I apply for a license to carry on transport activities pending the situation of public calamity?

No. The Ministry of Transportation and Communications, by means of Circular No. 02/GM/MTC/2020 ("Circular"), has suspended the issuing of permits for the commencement of transportation activities.

 

To whom do the measures set out in the Circular apply and when do they come into force?

The measures set out in the Circular apply to the following persons:

  • passengers and users;
  • transportation operators and service providers and their crew;
  • terminal and station managers for road, air, sea and rail transportation;
  • supervisory bodies and those overseeing transportation at different levels.

The Circular is in force since 9 April 2020.

 

In addition to the measures already taken, has any specific action been taken in regard to road transportation?

Concerning road transportation, the Government has suspended the licenses for international road passenger transportation.

Public cross-border road passenger transportation to and from any neighbouring country is prohibited, except for situations provided for in the SADC guidelines on cross-border transportation operations during the situation of public calamity.

Cross-border transportation of goods will continue to be carried out to and from neighbouring countries and crew members will be subject to quarantine measures in accordance with the recommendations of the Health Authorities.

Operators of personalized rental transportation services (taxi), motor-taxi and bicycle-taxi, must strictly comply with preventive measures, including the mandatory wearing of protective masks for all occupants of the vehicle.

 

Regarding other modes of transportation, such as air, sea and rail, have any specific measures been taken?

The Government has taken specific measures specific to each means of transportation:

Air transportation

  • For domestic flight operations, disinfection of footwear and hands at the time of boarding and temperature measurement is compulsory.
  • Services on board are suspended except for hot drinks and water.
  • Cabin crew on board must wear a mask during flight, in accordance with the recommendations of the Health Authorities.

Rail transportation

  • On passenger trains the maximum number of passengers aboard shall be the number of seats.
  • The use of protective masks, including those made of cloth or other materials, is compulsory in order to protect the nose and mouth.
  • The owners of undertakings and their means of transportation, as well as operators and their crews, shall also ensure the conditions of hygiene and prevention in accordance with the recommendations of the Health Authorities.

Maritime and port transportation

  • In regard to maritime and port transportation, maritime authorities and port managers shall ensure that all members of the vessels’ crews are subject to compulsory health screening.
  • During the ships’ stay in port it is necessary to ensure that all members of the crew remain on board. The crew members may only disembark from their ships into the port area for operations deemed as strictly necessary regarding the loading and unloading of their ships and are prohibited from leaving the port area, except for health issues.
  • In the case of touristic cruise ships, the ship’s crew and passengers may disembark and go beyond the port area, provided that all the relevant preventive measures are complied with.
  • Ships calling at national ports must comply strictly with the preventive measures issued by the health authorities for the ship's entry into port.
  • The removal of all kinds of waste from the ship should be prohibited.
  • All employees working in Ports are obliged to observe the protection and safety measures.
  • It must be ensured that the health officer, who is a member of the port authorities' team, must first board to assess the health of the crew members, and only once free practice has been declared on board, will the remaining members of the inspection, customs and migration team enter.
  • Managers of sailing clubs, wet docks and tourist resorts who become aware of yachts or other foreign vessels coming to their premises by sea, river or lake shall inform the health and maritime authorities.

 

Is the use of interprovincial public transportation permitted?

Users may use inter-provincial, inter-district, interurban public transportation as long as maximum capacity rules are complied with and they use a protective masks covering the nose and the mouth.  

All entities that oversee the area of transportation at provincial, district, municipal and supervisory levels, in coordination with other relevant entities, shall carry out supervisory actions to ensure compliance with the measures adopted in this Decree.

 

Are international passenger flights allowed?

Under Decree 56/2021, and IACM’s Aeronautical Information Circular 17/20, of 02 December 2020, passenger and cargo flights are allowed to be resumed, on a reciprocal basis, to the following countries:

  • Portugal;
  • Turkey;
  • Qatar;
  • Ethiopia;
  • Kenya;
  • Angola;
  • France; and
  • all SADC countries.

With the exception of aircraft in emergency situations, the following flights must obtain a pre-authorization from Civil Aviation and Diplomatic Authorities in accordance with part GEN 1.2 of Mozambique's AIP:

  • Passenger and cargo flights;
  • Flights of interest of the State;
  • Technical landings;
  • Humanitarian missions;
  • Medical evacuations;
  • Repatriation flights; and
  • United Nations flights.

All passengers arriving in Mozambique, even those in possession of a valid vaccination certificate:

  • must show evidence of having been tested negative in a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test to COVID-19. The PCR test must have been completed no more than 72 hours prior to the boarding to Mozambique. In any such cases, passengers are exempted from being in quarantineat the arrival in Mozambique;
  • are subject to mandatory isolation when testing positive to a COVID-19 test underwent at the arrival in Mozambique;

Mozambican citizens and foreigners who (i) require multiple entries into Mozambique in a short period of time or (ii) make a short trip abroad, must take into consideration that the COVID-19 PCR test is only valid for 7 days, as from the date of sampling.

Mozambican citizens coming from abroad that do not present a valid PCR test for COVID-19 are (i) subject to mandatory quarantine or (ii) must undertake a COVID-19 test, at their own expense.

Children from 0 to 5 years of age are not required to present a COVID-19 test when entering the national territory.

 

Are there any other relevant measures?

Decree 56/2021, approved a set of measures that limit the exercise of rights such as residence, movement or and migration, within the national territory or internationally. In addition to the subjects already addressed in this section, we draw your attention to the following measures:

  • all persons who have had direct contact with persons infected with COVID-19 are subject to the compulsory home quarantine regime for 14 consecutive days;
  • all persons testing positive to the SARS-COV-2 virus are subject to mandatory isolation:
    • at home, if they do not show symptoms that require them to be institutionalized (the criteria for discharge from home isolation are defined by the Ministry of Health);
    • at an institutional or at a health establishment appropriate for therapeutic purposes, if they show symptoms that require them to be admitted – in accordance with the terms set by the relevant authorities.
  • a nationwide mandatory curfew is imposed until 15 September 2021, between 9.00 p.m. and 4.00 a.m. The curfew does not cover:
    • workers whose professional activities doe not allow interruption (due to public interest);
    • unavoidable displacements, namely to obtain healthcare services; and
    • other activities of a similar nature, for force majeure reasons or imperative needs, provided they are duly justified.
  • Tourist, work and touristic border visas will continue to be issued, and the issuance of visas granted for national interest, reasons and humanitarian purposes is permitted, on an exceptional basis;
  • international agreements for the suppression of visas are valid, on a reciprocity basis;
  • the countdown of the deadline for the permitted sojourn period in Mozambique for all the technicians working on pivotal State projects is suspended.

 

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This information is being updated on a regular basis.

All information contained herein and all opinions expressed are of a general nature and are not intended to substitute recourse to expert legal advice for the resolution of real cases.